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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl2600\margr4180\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2600\margrsxn4180\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li17\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 the North. We further know from a reference in the \i Kathasaritsdgara \i0 to Nanda's camp that Kosala formed \expndtw1 a part of Magadha, and the Hathigumpha inscription, \expndtw-3 which refers to the excavation of a canal by Nandaraja, \expndtw2 identified with Mahapadma, doubtless proves that \expndtw-2 Kalingahad come under its domination. Incidentally, this \expndtw0 epigraph also sheds light on his religious predilections, \expndtw-4 for Nandaraja (Mahapadma?) is represented as having re\-\expndtw-5 moved to his capital a prized image of a Jain \i Tirthamkara. \i0\expndtw-2 Presumably, it was on account of their leanings towards Jainism that the Nanda monarchs had Jain ministers like Kalpaka, Sakatala, etc. Thus, Magadha had step by step \expndtw0 emerged as the premier kingdom, and thenceforth its \expndtw2 history was that of India itself for a pretty long period.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li34\fi0\ri0\sb206\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex79\expndtw2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 His Successors}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li14\fi425\ri5\sb168\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Mahapadtna was followed by his eight sons,\super 1\nosupersub  of \expndtw8 whom the last was the contemporary of Alexander. \expndtw11 He is called Dhanananda in Buddhist literature, \expndtw-1 whereas the Greeks mention the name Agrammes or \expndtw5 Xandrames (Augrasainya ?). He maintained, accord\-\expndtw-2 ing to Curtius, a stupendous army, consisting of 200,000 \expndtw-1 foot, 20,000 horse, 2,000 chariots, and 4,000 elephants, \expndtw10 and was reputed to be the possessor of immense \expndtw-2 riches.\super 2\nosupersub  But Agrammes or Dhanananda was avaricious, \expndtw3 irreligious \i (adhdrmika\\ \i0 and of tyrannical disposition, \expndtw7 and this, along with his base ancestry, made him extremely unpopular among his subjects. Indeed, it \expndtw-2 was represented to Alexander by a chief named Phegelis}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li2\fi338\ri17\sb290\sa0\sl-199\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 1\nosupersub  They are mere names.   The \i Puranas \i0 do not mention them \expndtw1 except Mahapadma' s   son   Sukalpa or   Sumalya   (Sahalya).    cf.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qc\li7\fi0\ri0\sb17\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 I}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi341\ri17\sb202\sa0\sl-192\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 2\nosupersub  Traditions of the fabulous wealth of the Nandas are preserved \charscalex93\expndtw5 in the \i Mabavamfa, Katbasaritsagara, \i0 Yuan Chwang's \i Records, \i0 and \expndtw1 a Tamil poem.}\par }